SAFETY Alert SA_045

See and Be Seen: Your Life Depends on It
Maintaining Separation from Other Aircraft
The problem
Accidents have occurred in which pilots operating near one another did not maintain adequate visual lookout and failed to see and avoid the other aircraft.
While some accidents occurred in high-traffic areas (near airports), some accidents occurred in cruise flight; in the cases described below, the pilots were flying in daytime visual meteorological conditions.
All pilots can be vulnerable to distractions in the cockpit, and the presence of technology has introduced challenges to the see-and-avoid concept. Aviation applications on portable electronic devices (PEDs) such as cell phones, tablets, and handheld GPS units, while useful, can lead to more head-down time, limiting a pilot’s ability to see other aircraft.
Related accidents
In January 2015, two Piper PA-18s collided near Wasilla, Alaska, while conducting cross-country flights. The commercial pilots of each airplane sustained serious injuries. A ground witness indicated that the airplanes were converging at a 90 ? rightangle and that neither airplane changed altitude or direction as they approached one another. (ANC15FA009)
In September 2014, a Cessna 172 and an amateur-built Searey collided near Buffalo-Lancaster Regional Airport, Lancaster, New York, while participating in a fly-in event. The commercial pilot and passenger of the Cessna 172 died, and the private pilot and passenger of the Searey were not injured. Both airplanes were traveling westbound with the Cessna behind the Searey. The Cessna was traveling about 90 knots and was gradually descending, and the Searey was traveling about 70 knots and was gradually climbing when the Cessna overtook it. (ERA14FA459)
In March 2012, a Cessna 172 and a Cessna 180 collided near Longmont, Colorado, about 7,200 ft mean sea level. The private pilot and instructor in the Cessna 172 died, and the pilot of the Cessna 180 sustained minor injuries. The Cessna 172 was in level flight on a north-northeast course, and the Cessna 180 was in a gradual climb on a northerly course. The pilots were not in contact with air traffic control at the time of the accident, and neither pilot maintained adequate visual lookout for the other airplane. (CEN12FA199)

In July 2011, a Cessna 180 and a Cessna 206 collided about 900 ft above ground level near Talkeetna, Alaska. The airline transport-rated pilot of the Cessna 206 was not injured, and the private pilot and three passengers of the Cessna 180 died. The pilots were monitoring different radio frequencies and failed to see and avoid the other airplane as each was approaching Amber Lake on the left downwind. (ANC11FA071)
What can pilots do?
Be vigilant and use proper techniques to methodically scan for traffic throughout
your flight, not only in high-volume traffic areas.
Divide your attention inside and outside the aircraft and minimize distractions (including nonessential conversations, photography or sightseeing activities, and PED use) that may degrade your ability to maintain awareness of other aircraft.
Make your aircraft as visible as possible to other aircraft by turning on available lights, including anticollision lights, and consider using high-intensity discharge or LED lighting.
Clearly communicate your intentions and use standard phraseology, known distances, and obvious ground references to alert other pilots of your location.
Recognize that some conditions make it harder to see other aircraft, such as operating in areas where aircraft could be masked by surrounding terrain or buildings and when sun glare is present.
Encourage passengers to help look for traffic and, during instructional flights, ensure that one pilot is always responsible for scanning for traffic.
Effectively use on-board traffic advisory systems, when available, to help visually acquire and avoid other aircraft and not as a substitute for an outside visual scan.
Need more information?
The following Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) advisory circulars (ACs) can be accessed from www.faa.gov:
AC 90-48C, “Pilots’ Role in Collision Avoidance”
AC 90-66A, “Recommended Standard Traffic Patterns for Aeronautical Operations
at Airports without Operating Control Towers”
AC 90-42F, “Traffic Advisory Practices at Airports without Operating Control
Towers”
The website www.seeandavoid.org, which is funded by the FAA and the Air National Guard, provides pilots with information and education on airspace, visual identification, aircraft performance, and mutual hazards to safe flight to help eliminate midair collisions.
The FAA Aviation Safety Program publication “How to Avoid a Mid Air Collision” (P-8740-51), which describes pilot scanning techniques and offers a useful collision avoidance checklist, can be accessed from the FAA Safety Team’s web page at www.faasafety.gov.

Download safety alert SAFETY Alert SA_045 pdf

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Leave a Reply

RSS Plane Crash News

  • RC Plane Crash 2018
    Ultimate Crazy Crashes RC Plane compilation 2018 Send me your car videos here: slizo3310@gmail.com We do NOT own the video materials and all credits belong t...
  • Two men killed in Blair County plane crash identified; plane had taken off from Lancaster Airport
    WILLIAMSBURG, Blair County — Blair County officials have identified the two men killed in a plane crash Thursday morning in Williamsburg. The plane originated from Lancaster Airport, according to the Federal Aviation Administration. According to LancasterOnline, the two men killed were James ...
  • New report sheds more light on Michigan basketball team plane crash
    Nearly 900 pages of documents attempt to explain a decision a pilot made in 13 seconds. The National Transportation Safety Board released a report last week as part of its ongoing investigation into the plane that was supposed to take the Michigan men's basketball team to the 2017 Big Ten ...
  • 2 killed in Blair County plane crash identified
    WOODBURY TOWNSHIP, Pa. - The two people who were killed in a plane crash Thursday in Blair County have been identified. In a statement, University of Notre Dame President Rev. John I. Jenkins said Stephen Grady and James J. Durkin were killed in the crash while traveling to the university.
  • Camp Hill, Lancaster men identified as victims in Blair County plane crash
    The two men died April 19 in a plane crash while traveling to South Bend for a Notre Dame Alumni Association Leadership Conference this weekend. “All of us in the Notre Dame family are shocked and saddened by this tragic news,” Father John I. Jenkins said. “My prayers are with Steve and Jim's ...
  • Plane skids off the runway during take off in Nepal, 2nd crash at airport in a month
    Watch Plane skids off the runway during take off in Nepal, 2nd crash at airport in a month Video Online, on GlobalNews.ca.
  • Camp Hill dentist, Lancaster County businessman killed in small-plane crash
    The two men killed in a small plane crash in Blair County on Thursday have been identified. pjimage.jpg James Durkin, left, and Dr. Stephen Grady Notre Dame Club of Harrisburg. The pilot of the plane was James Durkin, co-owner of Choice Security Services LLC in East Hempfield Township, according ...
  • Two killed in Pennsylvania plane crash were traveling to Notre Dame
    WILLIAMSBURG, Pa. — A small aircraft bound for South Bend crashed Thursday morning in central Pennsylvania killing a University of Notre Dame alumnus and one other. The crash occurred around 8:45 a.m.. Stephen Grady and James J. Durkin, officers in the Notre Dame Club of Harrisburg, Pa., ...
  • Nutts Corner plane crash victims 'experienced pilots'
    Two people who died when their light aircraft crashed and caught fire near Nutts Corner in Co Antrim are said to have been “experienced pilots”. Both were members of the Ulster Flying Club, based at Newtownards airfield in Co Down, according to DUP MP Jim Shannon. “They were very much involved ...
  • Small plane crash in Pa. kills 2 men
    A small plane crash in Woodbury Township, Blair County, killed two men who were onboard the aircraft. The single-plane engine crashed behind a residence at about 8:45 a.m. Thursday, according to The Altoona Mirror. Blair County Coroner Patricia Ross told the newspaper the two men onboard the ...

Blogroll

  • Air Consumer.gov
  • AirCrashConsultants
  • Airfleets
  • Airliners.net
  • AOPA
  • Bird Strike Database
  • Bird Strike Database Query
  • EASA
  • FAA
  • Find A Pilot
  • Frixo
  • IATA
  • International Civil Aviation Organization
  • Montreal Convention MC99 English
  • Nasa
  • NOAA
  • NTSB
  • RITA
  • U.S. Office of Special Counsel
April 2018
M T W T F S S
« Mar    
 1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30  
  • Delta Airlines Plane Makes Emergency Landing due to Engine Fire https://t.co/7JUEqGnWEL
    about 3 hours ago
  • Air New Zealand Flight Makes Emergency Landing in New Plymouth, New Zealand https://t.co/g39z1DcPcN
    about 3 hours ago
  • Delta Airlines Plane Makes Emergency Landing at Palm Beach International Airport https://t.co/g3vQc5Urzg
    about 3 hours ago
  • Delta Airlines Plane Rejects Takeoff due to Engine Failure https://t.co/Q7GmMRv874
    about 4 hours ago
  • ‘The aircraft just disappeared from air’ Two dead in plane crash near Belfast https://t.co/IHu7aYl5rq via @ExtraIRL
    about 6 hours ago